Category Archives: News

Iraq bombings target Shia areas

via Al Jazeera

A wave of attacks targeting commercial areas in and outside Baghdad has killed a total of 47 people, officials have said.

They said the deadliest of Monday’s bombings was carried out by a suicide bomber who blew up himself among Shia worshippers who were leaving a mosque after noon prayers in the capital’s eastern New Baghdad area, killing at least 15 people and wounding 26 others.

Six people were killed and 11 wounded when two car bombs detonated less than two minutes apart hitting a restaurant on a commercial street in northern Baghdad, officials said.

Earlier in the day there were back-to-back car bombings in cities south of Baghdad.

In Karbala, an explosion killed 15 civilians and wounded 31 others. In Babel, two car bombs went off in separate areas, killing 11 people and wounding 29 others.

Al Jazeera’s Zeina Khodr, reporting from Erbil, said Monday’s bombings targeted mainly Shia areas.

“Babel and Karbala are Shia-populated cities and we understand the caretaker Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki was in Karbala at the time of the attack.

“In Baghdad a Shia mosque was targeted by a suicide bomber, the second attack of its kind in just four days.

“There is a growing fear that Iraq is descending back into sectarian violence. Four days ago Sunni worshippers came under attack when gunmen opened fire in a mosque.”

Since early this year, Iraq has been facing increasing levels of violence from the Islamic State group and other Sunni fighters who have taken over areas in the country’s west and north.

The crisis has worsened since June when the Islamic State declared a caliphate in territory under its control.

Crimes against humanity

On Monday, UN human rights chief Navi Pillay condemned “appalling, widespread” crimes being committed by Islamic State forces in Iraq, including mass executions of prisoners and “ethnic and religious cleansing”.

“Grave, horrific human rights violations are being committed daily by the Islamic State group and associated armed groups,” Pillay said, citing targeted killings, forced conversions, abductions, slavery, sex crimes, forced recruitment and destruction of places of worship.

“They are systematically targeting men, women and children based on their ethnic, religious or sectarian affiliation and are ruthlessly carrying out widespread ethnic and religious cleansing in the areas under their control.”

The violence and political divisions have thrown Iraq into deep crisis. At his first press conference since accepting the nomination to be Iraq’s next prime minister, Haider al-Abadi on Monday called on the country’s numerous militias and tribes to come under government control and stop acting independent of the government.

Abadi said that the phenomena of militias roaming the streets alone “worries me and I consider it very dangerous”.

The new prime minister, who has until September 10 to form a new government, said he was optimistic he would make that deadline.

Macau arrests five over pro-democracy poll

via Al Jazeera

Police in the global gambling hub of Macau have arrested five people involved with an informal poll to measure support for direct elections of the Chinese-controlled city’s leader.

Jason Chao, president of the Open Macau Society and one of the poll organisers, said he and four others were waiting for authorities to decide whether to prosecute them after being arrested for disobeying government orders not to collect residents’ personal data.

The arrests are “a serious violation of human rights,” Chao said on Monday. “You can feel that how the government fears the result of the referendum.”

Reports said the five were arrested on Sunday, a day before activists kicked off the week-long unofficial referendum inspired by a similar vote in June in nearby Hong Kong that Beijing denounced as an illegal farce but which drew nearly 800,000 votes.

Macau’s government privacy watchdog had warned organisers they were violating the privacy law by collecting identity card data from voters.

Al Jazeera’s Rob McBride, reporting from Macau, said that the government has become “sensitive” about public displays of protest and disorders in the streets against authorities.

“What people here are talking about is also having an actual vote,” he said.

‘One country, two systems’

Macau was a former Portuguese colony before coming back under China’s control in 1999, two years after Beijing regained Hong Kong from Britain.

The two cities are specially administered regions of China that have a broad say over their own affairs under the principle of “one country, two systems” but whose leaders are chosen by small committees of Beijing-friendly elites.

A 400-person election committee is widely expected to re-elect the current leader to another five-year term on August 31, the same day that referendum organisers plan to release results of the poll.

Public discontent is rising in Macau, the only place in China where casinos are legal, after a decade-long casino boom that supercharged the economy but also widened inequality, strained resources and inflated housing prices in the city of about 600,000.

Al Jazeera

Al Qaeda frees US journalist held captive in Syria

via Euronews

Kidnappers in Syria have freed an American journalist who has been missing since 2012.

Peter Theo Curtis, 45, had been held captive by militants from al-Nusra, which is al Qaeda’s official wing in Syria.

The White House confirmed that Curtis was on his way home and that every effort was being made to secure the release of other Americans held hostage in Syria of whom there are around 20.

Rivalry between the Nusra Front and Islamic State is believed to have fuelled war among the insurgents themselves.

The United Nations has confirmed it had facilitated Curtis’ release.

The news emerged as a memorial mass was held in the US state of New Hampshire in honour of James Foley, the journalist killed last week by the Islamic State (IS) extremist group.

The church in Foley’s hometown of Rochester was filled with family and friends. The bishop read out a condolence letter from the Vatican.

Foley’s brutal death by beheading has been condemned by Islamic nations across the globe.

A funeral is to be held on October 18 , the day on which Foley would have been 41.

Islamic State captures key Syrian air base

via Al Jazeera

Fighters from the Islamic State group have taken over an air base in northeast Syria, capturing it from government forces after fighting that cost more than 500 lives, a monitoring group and state media have said.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR), a London-based monitoring group, said at least 346 Islamic State fighters and more than 170 government forces had been killed since Tuesday in the fight over the Tabqa base, which was captured by fighters on Sunday.

Syria’s official news agency said the military had withdrawn from the base after pitched battles and was still carrying out strikes on Monday.

Syrian state media gave no figure for the number of people killed in the clashes.

The base was the Syrian army’s last foothold in an area otherwise controlled by the self-declared jihadist Islamic State group, which has seized large areas of Syria and Iraq.

It is one of the most significant government military facilities in the area, containing several warplane squadrons, helicopters, tanks, artillery and ammunition.

In nearby Raqqa city, an Islamic State stronghold, there was celebratory gunfire and the development was announced by several mosques through their loudspeakers, a witness told the Reuters news agency.

Fighters displayed the severed heads of Syrian army soldiers in the city square, the witness said.

The Islamic State also trapped around 150 retreating Syrian soldiers in an area near the base and was believed to be holding them captive, the Observatory said.

Regime forces had repelled three earlier attacks on the base in the previous week.

The Islamic State has taken three Syrian military bases in the area in recent weeks, boosted by arms seized in Iraq.

Tabqa is the last army stronghold in the Raqqa, after fighters captured Brigade 93 and Division 17 in the northern province, killing dozens of soldiers, many of whom were beheaded.

Raqqa province has become the stronghold of the Islamic State, which controls the provincial capital and has declared an Islamic “caliphate” in territory it holds in Syria and Iraq.

The group initially fought alongside Syrian opposition groups, but its abuses sparked a backlash from rebels who pushed it out of parts of northern Syria.

Al Jazeera

Too Many Secrets: A Court Ruling Spells Bad News for Anonymous Speech in Brazil

from Deeplinks

Last week was a bad day for freedom of expression in Brazil. Judge Paulo César de Carvalho, in the state court of Espírito Santo, issued a preliminary injunction ordering the removal of Secret—an anonymous sharing application that lets people share messages with friends, friends of friends, or publicly—from the Apple App store and Google Play store, as well as Cryptic (Secret’s application for the Windows Phone) from Microsoft’s store. The injunction also ordered the three companies to remove the applications from phones belonging to their Brazilian users.

What’s the problem? The prosecutor alleges:

“…people are falling victim to embarrassment and violations of their honor without being able to defend themselves, given the anonymity of the postings, since the application SECRET ‘allows the user to tell their own or friends’ secrets to Facebook contacts anonymously through the application,’ and since its developers themselves claim that ‘it’s impossible to determine who told the secret, since there’s no data or photo of the user and they guarantee that ‘there’s no risk of the secret leaking out on Facebook,’ since ‘the most information that’s revealed is that the message was published by a friend or by the friend of a friend on the app.’”

Furthermore, the prosecutor argues that because any removal request must be sent in English to an American judge via the Brazilian foreign ministry, there is no effective way for Brazilians to defend themselves against defamation.

And why is anonymous speech a problem in Brazil? The judge cites two sections of the Brazilian Constitution:

Chapter I, article 5, section IV: The expression of thought is free, anonymity being forbidden; and

Chapter I, article 5, section X: Intimacy, private life, and the honor and image of persons are inviolable, ensuring the right to compensation for material or moral damages resulting from their violation.

The judge quoted, at length, Brazilian legal scholar Daniel Sarmento, explaining that the right to freedom of expression is not absolute and that “those who act in an abusive manner in their exercise of this right, and thereby cause damage to third parties, may be held responsible for their actions.”

Opposing counsel argued that Secret does not violate the constitution because it is technically possible for the company to trace who is posting anonymous messages through email and phone records. Representatives from Secret informed a Brazilian paper that they would comply with a valid court order to hand over user data if it received one.

Will Brazilians really be losing their Secret apps in just a few days? In some cases, yes. Apple has already complied. But Apple, Google, and Microsoft will have an opportunity to appeal.

While Brazil has led the way in government support of open source culture and explicitly condemning mass surveillance, its Constitutional ban on anonymous speech poses a tremendous danger to free expression in Brazil. Anonymity may make it more difficult to hold bullies accountable for their speech, but it also has a chilling effect on victims of all forms of violence and abuse, people with unpopular opinions, minorities, and vulnerable populations. Banning anonymous speech also chills dissent against the government. In 2011, Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Opinion, Frank LaRue, called upon states to ensure that individuals have the right to express themselves anonymously online. In 2013, in a landmark report, he explicitly made the link between anonymous speech and privacy:

“The right to privacy is often understood as an essential requirement for the realization of the right to freedom of expression. Undue interference with individuals’ privacy can both directly and indirectly limit the free development and exchange of ideas. … An infringement upon one right can be both the cause and consequence of an infringement upon the other.”

EFF will be keeping a close eye on this case as it develops

Share this: Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on Google+ Share on Diaspora  ||  Join EFF

Federal Cybersecurity Director Found Guilty on Child Porn Charges

via Threat Level

As the acting cybersecurity chief of a federal agency, Timothy DeFoggi should have been well versed in the digital footprints users leave behind online when they visit web sites and download images.

But DeFoggi—convicted today in Nebraska on three child porn charges including conspiracy to solicit and distribute child porn—must have believed his use of the Tor anonymizing network shielded him from federal investigators.

He’s the sixth suspect to make this mistake in Operation Torpedo, an FBI operation that targeted three Tor-based child porn sites and that used controversial methods to unmask anonymized users.

But DeFoggi’s conviction is perhaps more surprising than others owing to the fact that he worked at one time as the acting cybersecurity director of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. DeFoggi worked for the department from 2008 until January this year. A department official told Business Insider that DeFoggi worked in the office of the assistant secretary for administration as lead IT specialist but a government budget document for the department from this year(.pdf) identifies a Tim DeFoggi as head of OS IT security operations, reporting to the department’s chief information security officer.

The porn sites he’s accused of using—including one called PedoBook—were hosted on servers in Nebraska and run by Aaron McGrath, who has already been convicted for his role in the sites. The sites operated as Tor hidden services—sites that have special .onion URLs and that cannot normally be traced to the physical location where they are hosted.

Although anyone could use the sites, registered users like DeFoggi—who was known online under the user names “fuckchrist” and “PTasseater”—could set up profile pages with an avatar, often child porn images, and personal information and upload files. The site archived more than 100 videos and more than 17,000 child porn and child erotica images, many of them depicting infants and toddlers being sexually abused by adults.

The FBI seized the sites in late 2012, after McGrath failed to secure his administrative account with a password. Agents were able to log in and uncover the IP address of the Nebraska server where he was hosting two of them. McGrath worked at the server farm, and hosted the third site from his home. The FBI monitored him for a year and after arresting him in November 2012 continued to operate his child porn sites secretly from a federal facility in Omaha for several weeks before shutting them down. During this time, they monitored the private communications of DeFoggi and others and engaged in “various investigative techniques…to defeat the anonymous browsing technology afford by the Tor network” and identify the real IP addresses of users.

These techniques “successfully revealed the true IP addresses of approximately 25 domestic users who accessed the sites (a small handful of domestic suspects were identified through other means, and numerous foreign-based suspect IPs were also identified),” prosecutors wrote in a court document. In March 2013, twenty suspects were indicted in Nebraska; followed by two others who were indicted the following August.

One of these techniques involved drive-by downloads that infected the computers of anyone who visited McGrath’s web sites. The FBI has been using malicious downloads in this way since 2002, but focused on targeting users of Tor-based sites only in the last two years.

Tor is free software that lets users surf the web anonymously. Using the Tor browser, the traffic of users is encrypted and bounced through a network of computers hosted by volunteers around the world before it arrives at its destination, thus masking the IP address from which the visitor originates.

The malware that investigators installed remotely on the machines of visitors to PedoBook and McGrath’s other sites was designed to identify the computer’s IP address as well as its MAC address and other identifiers. The results were coordinated raids in April 2013 that swept up more than a dozen suspects.

DeFoggi became part of that sting after becoming a registered member of PedoBook in March 2012 where he remained active until December that year when the FBI shuttered it. During this time DeFoggi, who described himself as “having many perversions,” solicited child porn images from other members, viewed images and exchanged private messages with other members expressing interest in raping, beating and murdering infants and toddlers.

Among those with whom he corresponded was an FBI undercover employee. During chats DeFoggi described using Tor to access PedoBook early in the morning hours and between 4 and 6 pm. Among the evidence seized against him was pen register/trap trace data obtained from Verizon showing someone at his Maryland residence using Tor during these hours as well as the IP addresses used by an AOL account under the username “ptasseater,” which pointed to DeFoggi’s home.

When agents arrived at his home early one morning to execute a search warrant, they had to pry him from his laptop, which was in the process of downloading a child porn video from a Tor web site called OPVA, or Onion Pedo Video Archive. In addition to child porn images stored on his computer, authorities also found evidence of his Tor browser history, showing some of his activity at PedoBook and OPVA.

DeFoggi received many commendations during his government career, according to an exhibit list created by the government for his trial. The list includes several certificates of award from the U.S. Treasury, a certificate of appreciation from the State Department for his work on a Hurricane Katrina task force, several documents related to computer courses he attended and certifications he received.

DeFoggi is scheduled to be sentenced in November.

Climate Change Summary and Update – Nature Bats Last

from disinformation

This visualization shows how global temperatures have risen from 1950 through the end of 2013. “NASA scientists say 2013 tied for the seventh warmest of any year since 1880, continuing a long-term trend of rising global temperatures. With the exception of 1998, the 10 warmest years in the 133-year record all have occurred since 2000, with 2010 and 2005 ranking as the hottest years on record. NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York, which analyzes global surface temperatures on an ongoing basis, released an updated report Tuesday, Jan. 21, on temperatures around the globe in 2013. The comparison shows how Earth continues to experience warmer temperatures than several decades ago. The visualization shows a running five-year average global temperature, as compared to a baseline average global temperature from 1951-1980. Via Wikimedia Commons

This visualization shows how global temperatures have risen from 1950 through the end of 2013.NASA scientists say 2013 tied for the seventh warmest of any year since 1880, continuing a long-term trend of rising global temperatures. With the exception of 1998, the 10 warmest years in the 133-year record all have occurred since 2000, with 2010 and 2005 ranking as the hottest years on record.

NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York, which analyzes global surface temperatures on an ongoing basis, released an updated report Tuesday, Jan. 21, on temperatures around the globe in 2013. The comparison shows how Earth continues to experience warmer temperatures than several decades ago.

The visualization shows a running five-year average global temperature, as compared to a baseline average global temperature from 1951-1980.
Via Wikimedia Commons

This link was sent to me by a good friend and PhD researcher. It is long, heavy reading and may change your perspective on this topic and life in general.… Read the rest

The post Climate Change Summary and Update – Nature Bats Last appeared first on disinformation.

156,000 Seniors Have Social Security Checks Reduced…to Pay Off Student Loans

from News – AllGov

At a time when thousands of Americans are trying to enjoy, if not just survive, their golden years, the federal government has been garnishing their Social Security checks to pay off old student loans.


About 156,000 individuals have found themselves in this situation, losing on average $180 out of a typical monthly check of $1,200, according to CNN Money. About $150 million was held out of retirees’ checks last year.


The number of Americans affected has tripled since 2006, when there were 47,500 having portions of their Social Security withheld for payment of student loans.


One nonprofit group that helps students repay their loans, American Student Assistance, told CNN Money that the number of clients losing portions of their Social Security jumped from 200 to 1,000 in one year.


Old student loans often have interest rates around 7%, much higher than the less-than 3% being charged for loans taken out now. In addition, the loans are difficult to refinance or renegotiate and usually can’t be discharged through bankruptcy.


Senator Elizabeth Warren (D-Massachusetts) introduced a bill this year that would have eased refinancing rules for student loans, but it didn’t get out of the gridlocked Congress.

-Noel Brinkerhoff, Steve Straehley


To Learn More:

Retirees’ Social Security Checks Garnished for Student Loans (by Patrick Sheridan, CNN Money)

Fastest Growing Group of Student Loan Borrowers…Parents Older than 60 (by Noel Brinkerhoff, AllGov)

Senior Citizens Still Paying Off Student Loans (by Noel Brinkerhoff, AllGov)

Expert: U.S. Police Training in Use of Deadly Force Woefully Inadequate

from The American Prospect


(AP Photo/Dave Collins)

Maria Haberfeld is a professor at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York. A veteran of the Israel Defense Forces who also served in the Israel National Police, she has conducted research on police forces in multiple countries, and has also written many books on terrorism and policing, including Critical Issues in Police Training. We spoke on Friday about the events in Ferguson, Missouri, and the shooting of Kajieme Powell by St. Louis police, which was caught on video. Powell, brandishing a steak knife, approached officers, saying “Shoot me!.” As reported by the Post-Dispatch, St. Louis Police Chief Sam Dotson said lethal force was permitted under department rules if a knife-wielding attacker is within 21 feet of police.


Paul Waldman: Did you think what the officers did [in Powell's shooting] was appropriate? It seems pretty clear that that’s standard operating procedure.

Maria Haberfeld: Yes it is, absolutely.

PW: Are those procedures adequate to deal with those kinds of situations?

MH: The procedures are adequate; what’s not adequate is the way police officers are trained. That’s the problem, and this is something I’ve been talking about for decades. The majority of police officers are overwhelmingly trained with a focus on the technical part of use of force, and are not trained enough in the emotional, psychological, physiological aspects of use of force. And of course, the social aspects of use of force: how this all plays later on within the community, how it impacts police-community relations.

So the use of force is not something that should stand alone. Unfortunately, in most of the training academies, it does stand alone, even if there is some rhetoric about, "Oh yes, we integrate [it] into other modules.” The reality is—and I look at police training all the time, in various jurisdictions around the country and around the world—that’s not the case, unfortunately.

PW: So, is most of [that training] focused on "Here’s how to protect ourselves"? It seems that’s the message when you hear police representatives talk about this. Their focus is, obviously, that police work is very dangerous, and if there’s any kind of a threat at all, we’re going to neutralize it.

MH: Yes, but how you perceive the threat is a subjective thing, and how you go about neutralizing the threat is also a subjective thing, even though they’re trained around this continuum of force that allows them to go from one step to another, or skip a number of stages based on their assessment of the situation. Their assessment of the situation sometimes can be exaggerated based on their previous experience, based on what’s going on in any given moment, based on the bystanders’ reactions. So it’s a very complicated and complex issue that cannot be just explained by: "We have the right, we are authorized, and it’s our discretion."

There are a host of variables that go into things. And those variables, at least in my mind, should be constantly addressed, and not end with the police officer graduating from police academy, and then the only thing they have to do is to qualify twice a year whether or not they can still carry a weapon. But this qualifying twice a year is focused completely on the technical aspect of use of deadly force.

PW: One thing I’ve seen in the discussions about this is, for instance, that the police in England and Wales fire their guns only a few times in a year.

MH: Because they’re not armed.

PW: So that raises a couple of questions. If most of them are not armed, what do those police do if they don’t have guns, and they’re confronted with a suspect who, say, has a knife?

MH: First of all, there are a few countries where police forces are not armed—Ireland would be the other one. The British police have units that are armed, and if there is a situation that would require an armed backup, then the backup is called for. But a situation like this, where they have somebody with a knife, it’s a simple explanation. It goes back to training. Police forces in U.K., in Ireland, in other countries where police forces are not armed, they have a much more extensive, in-depth training than we have. An average training in the United States is fifteen weeks. Fifteen weeks is nothing. Police forces in other countries have twice, three times as long training as we have here.

It’s all about how police officers are prepared to deal with people who pose threats to them or to others. This is not something that we should save money on, but to me, that’s exactly what we’re doing. We are saving money on police training, saying that it’s very expensive to have longer training. And I think it’s irresponsible in a democratic society to say that a profession that has the authority to use deadly force, we just should shorten the training because a longer training is too expensive. Basically, what we’re doing is putting a dollar sign on people’s lives, both police officers and members of the public.

PW: So that means that if you’re a policeman someplace else—England, France, Germany—you’re going to be trained so that you’re better capable of talking that person down and getting them to put down their knife or their pipe or whatever it is that they have?

MH: No doubt in my mind, based on what I am seeing in police training in other countries, that police officers are better prepared to deal with the public over there than the ones we have here. No doubt in my mind, based on the research that I have done over the years.

PW: Do you think that a controversy like this one will make police forces around the country more likely to reexamine how they do their training?

MH: No.

PW: It won’t make any difference at all?

MH: No, and I’ll tell you why. Ninety percent of the police budget goes to salaries in any department. So, whatever is left is allocated to equipment and some other stuff, and nothing is left for training. The majority of police departments around the country don’t have in-service training. So if you don’t have the money, you’re not going to re-examine.

PW: Well that’s a little depressing.

MH: It is depressing. I’ve been writing about this for twenty years, it’s very depressing to me. [Most] police departments in the United States are not NYPD or LAPD. Police departments in the United States are exactly what we’re seeing—the Ferguson police department, fifty cops. This is the average size of a police department in the United States. So you can understand that a department of that size is not going to get any resources. This is very sad, and this is why I’ve been talking about the need to centralize law enforcement in the United States, to professionalize their response to the public, not just about use of force, but about everything.

Because policing is not just about the high-profile incidents, it’s also about how they perform on a daily basis vis-à-vis the public. But this requires skills, this requires education, this requires training. An average police department, all they care about is whether you have a GED, and you didn’t use drugs in the last three years. I mean, it’s ridiculous. If somebody looks at this a little bit closer, then it’s really scary.

PW: Is the training and the resulting way the cops deal with the public—not just about the use of force but about everything—do you think that is superior in other Western countries, too?

MH: Absolutely. I don’t think, I know, because I do research with police departments in other countries, I see their training, I visit the departments, their police academies. That’s what I’ve been doing for almost twenty years, so I know exactly that it’s superior over there—not in each and every country, but the majority of police forces in democratic countries today —yes, absolutely.


This interview has been edited for length and clarity.






10 Hours in Ferguson: A Visual Timeline of Michael Brown’s Death and Its Aftermath

from Politics | Mother Jones

Below is a visual timeline detailing the events of August 9, from the time a Ferguson police officer shot and killed 18-year-old Michael Brown until about 10 p.m. that night, when a group of police vehicles departed from the neighborhood. Details are drawn from this New York Times report, Mother Jones interviews with a police spokesman and other sources, and content shared via Twitter by locals on the scene that day. The latter included Thee Pharoah, a local rapper who witnessed the shooting; KMOV, a local TV news station; and Antonio French, a St. Louis alderman. (Note: Time stamps in the tweets below reflect the reader’s time zone and may appear inaccurate; our bolded annotations accurately show events on Central Time.)

Saturday, August 9, 12:01 p.m.: Michael Brown and a friend, Dorian Johnson, are walking in the street on Canfield Drive when they are confronted by Ferguson Police Officer Darren Wilson.

Around 12:03 p.m.: After an altercation whose circumstances remain under investigation, Wilson kills Brown, firing at least six gun shots.


— Bruh. (@TheePharoah) August 9, 2014

Fuckfuck fuck

— Bruh. (@TheePharoah) August 9, 2014

12:07 p.m.: The Ferguson police notify the St. Louis County police about Brown’s death and ask them to take over the investigation.

12:10 p.m.: A paramedic on the scene determines Brown’s body has "injuries incompatible with life."

12:13 p.m.:

@TheePharoah why did they shoot him?

— #justiceformikebrown (@_amourlace) August 9, 2014

@_amourlace no reason! He was running!

— Bruh. (@TheePharoah) August 9, 2014

12:15 p.m.: St. Louis County patrol officers arrive to help maintain the crime scene. This video by Law Abiding Citizen News shows a crowd beginning to gather as a sheet from an ambulance is used to cover Brown’s body.

12:43 p.m.: St. Louis County police detectives are notified of Brown’s shooting.

1:05 p.m.:

@SLIKK_DARKO bruh, the news hella not here. Everybody trying to get them here tho

— Bruh. (@TheePharoah) August 9, 2014

1:08 p.m.: Local TV channel KMOV arrives at the scene.

Around 1:30 p.m.: St. Louis County detectives and additional police from multiple agencies arrive on the scene.

Early afternoon: News reporters interview Johnson, Brown’s friend who had been walking with him in the street. A little after two minutes into this video clip, Brown’s mother, Lesley McSpadden, can be seen outside the police tape, distraught that the police will not let her approach her son’s body.

Afternoon: News reporters interview McSpadden. She says, "You took my son away from me. You know how hard it was for me to get him to stay in school and graduate?"

Around 2:30 p.m.: A forensic examiner from the St. Louis County Medical Examiner’s office arrives to gather evidence for Brown’s autopsy.

Mid-afternoon: As the crowd on Canfield Drive grows, gunshots are reportedly heard close by. Officers on the scene call a Code 1000, summoning additional police in nearby areas to help control the crowd.

Around 4 p.m.: The medical examiner covers Brown’s body with a tarp and it is loaded into an SUV.

4:37 p.m.: Brown’s body is checked into the morgue in Berkeley, Missouri, about six miles from where Brown was shot.

Late afternoon: News of Brown’s death spreads on social media. Brown’s stepfather, Louis Head, poses for a photo that quickly goes viral. (The sign reads: "Ferguson police just executed my unarmed son!!!")

Huy Mach/St. Louis Post-Dispatch/AP

6:31 p.m.:

Police from several jurisdictions have formed a line to separate the crowd from the crime scene.

— Antonio French (@AntonioFrench) August 9, 2014

6:58 p.m.:

Police have removed the tape. People are now free to walk down the street where the young man was killed.

— Antonio French (@AntonioFrench) August 9, 2014

Around 7 p.m.: McSpadden and supporters create a memorial with flowers and candles on the spot where her son was killed.

Huy Mach/St. Louis Post-Dispatch/AP

7:18 p.m.:

People marching to the #Ferguson Police Dept headquarters following the killing of a 17-year-old boy.

— Antonio French (@AntonioFrench) August 10, 2014

8:25 p.m.: A fire truck responds to a dumpster fire on Canfield Drive. A crowd begins to taunt two police officers keeping watch over the operation from on top of the fire truck. The police call for backup.

People are gathering at the site where #Ferguson police killed 17-year-old #MikeBrown. Police have swarmed the area.

— Antonio French (@AntonioFrench) August 10, 2014

8:30 p.m.: A small crowd gathers around the Mike Brown memorial.

Rose petals and candles have been placed in the street where #MikeBrown‘s body laid. #Ferguson

— Antonio French (@AntonioFrench) August 10, 2014

8:36 p.m.: When another police car arrives, a crowd walks into the street, prompting the car to turn around.

The crowd has forced the police car to reverse. #ferguson

— Antonio French (@AntonioFrench) August 10, 2014

8:41 p.m.: Police vehicles flood down Canfield Drive from West Florissant Avenue, including K-9 units. Officers face off with the crowd, but they do not order the crowd to disperse, according to French.

They’ve brought the dogs out in #Ferguson

— Antonio French (@AntonioFrench) August 10, 2014

Ferguson Police have dogs and shotguns. The unarmed crowd is raising their hands.

— Antonio French (@AntonioFrench) August 10, 2014

Things are getting very tense in #Ferguson.

— Antonio French (@AntonioFrench) August 10, 2014

9:02 p.m.: Police vehicles have crushed the memorial in the middle of the street.

Police cars trampled the rose petals and candles at the memorial for #MikeBrown.

— Antonio French (@AntonioFrench) August 10, 2014

9:50 p.m.: The police leave and the neighborhood quiets down—but days and nights of turmoil in Ferguson are on the way.

Police are leaving. The crowd is cheering.

— Antonio French (@AntonioFrench) August 10, 2014

Clarification: A reader pointed out that the video clip we initially used of Brown’s body being covered contained audio from another recording; we replaced it with another clip.